2016: Conserving Galapagos giant tortoises: Discovering the lost years
Galapagos | Dr Stephen Blake, Ms Jen Jones
Galapagos Conservation Trust, UK
The funded project is part of the Galapagos Tortoise Movement Ecology Programme. Its aim is to guide tortoise conservation, by researching: how flexible adult tortoises are in choosing nest sites; how site affects reproductive success; the rate and factors causing mortality of tortoises after they leave the nest; to trial new tracking technology. The project involves collaborations with local farmers, park rangers and partner organisations.
Since the Galapagos giant tortoise is a keystone species, the project has the potential to benefit multiple species inhabiting the several ecosystems through which it moves. The significant communications component to the project improves the chances of its benefits being properly realised and lasting long-term.
Building on previous work (including projects funded by the Woodspring Trust; see below), this project covers an additional species of tortoise.
2016: Farnham Heath (Gong Hill) Fireproofing Appeal
UK | Mr Mike Coates, Ms Katy Fielding
This project will help to prevent fires on a fire prone, beautiful and vitally important reserve for a number of heathland specialists including Sand lizards, Nightjars, Woodlarks and many others for decades. Farnham Heath Nature Reserve is an important heathland restoration project. Lowland heathland is a vital and very threatened habitat, on which many specialist species rely. Since 1800 the UK has lost over 80% of its Lowland heathland and what is left is often fragmented and vulnerable to scrub encroachment. The South East (particularly Surrey and Hampshire) is one of the last strongholds of this special habitat and with the UK holding 20% of the remaining heathland across Europe, we have a special obligation to protect it.
2016: Weighing the cost of development on Borneo’s fish and fisheries
Malaysia | Ms Tun-Min Poh
Borneo Futures, Malaysia
In Borneo, fish are not only an important part of biodiversity and ecosystems, but are also strongly tied to the mental and physical wellbeing of local communities. Many inland and coastal people have limited access to essential free natural resources, apart from fish and fisheries, and losing these resources potentially has large socio-economic implications. This project will provide information to guide development decisions with regard to such requirements, by gathering the information available to assess the economic, social and environmental cost of development on the freshwater and coastal ecosystems in Borneo, and proposing tangible improvements to current development planning and practice. Existing information on local fish species, fisheries, ecosystem health and changes in land use will be reinforced with fieldwork in the Lower Kindabatangan in Sabah, Malaysia.
This project is part of a larger effort by Borneo Futures (partially funded by Woodspring Trust), through which this fish and fisheries component fits into a holistic approach to landscape level conservation and guiding policy and decision-making on economic development. Borneo Futures will disseminate the information gathered and work with governments to develop appropriate regulations that mitigate and minimize impacts on biodiversity and riverine and coastal communities.
2016: Enhancing the effectiveness of protected areas
Indonesian Borneo (Kalimantan) | Dr Kerrie Wilson
Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Science, The University of Queensland, Australia
The aim of the project is to identify the environmental, social and institutional factors that determine the performance of protected areas on Indonesian Borneo (Kalimantan). Between 1970 and 2010, 10.3% of deforestation across Borneo occurred in protected areas and between 2000 and 2010, 1.2% of the forest area in Kalimantan’s protected areas was deforested. The project will provide the first comprehensive assessment of the social and institutional mechanisms that determine the performance of protected areas and the policy and program options (including relevant incentives and regulations) that might be required to overcome these.
2015: Conserving the Galapagos giant tortoise: First steps towards lifetime tracks
Galapagos/UK | Dr Stephen Blake
Galapagos Conservation Trust, London, UK
The iconic Galapagos giant tortoise (GGT) is under threat from human impacts including invasive species, infrastructure development and climate change. There are 10 species currently found in the Archipelago on 6 islands and the overall population is estimated to be around 20,000 (Caccone et al. 2002). This is a massive reduction from an estimated historical population of around 200,000 due primarily to human exploitation particularly in the 1800s. In the absence of significant hunting by people, which is the case today, the life history stages most critical to the population dynamics of GGTs (as with most tortoise species) are from egg to juvenile, when mortality rates are highest. These stages are often called “the lost years” because few data exist on growth, mortality rate and causes of death on infant and juvenile wild tortoises and turtles. Although they are not thought to move over large distances, GGT hatchlings are small and usually completely concealed for several years in dense undergrowth or within the cracks of old lava flows, thus monitoring large numbers of hatchlings over time is difficult. Preliminary data collected by the multi-institutional Galapagos Tortoise Movement Ecology Programme (GTMEP) previously supported by the Woodspring Trust, indicate that mortality rates of eggs can exceed 50% due to predation by non-native feral pigs and fire ants. Ideally, with increased understanding of these vulnerable life stages, conservation management strategies can be put in place to reduce the impact of factors causing high mortality. This project will address this issue by providing the first quantitative data on GGT nest and clutch dynamics and hatchling mortality in key nesting sites on Galapagos.
2015: A biodiversity monitoring project for schools
UK | Professor Alan Gange, Dr Deborah Harvey
Biodiversity Boost, Royal Holloway University of London, UK
The biodiversity in an area is made up of its habitats and organisms. These Royal Holloway scientists are passionate about biodiversity and improving it. Increasing biodiversity means that the species we have today will be here for tomorrow. This is why they have launched their Schools Biodiversity Project. Together with partner schools, they want to monitor and increase biodiversity in school grounds.
2014: Alternative futures for people and nature on Borneo
Borneo | Dr Erik Meijaard
Borneo Futures, Indonesia
Borneo Futures, in collaboration with Sumatra-based conservation NGO PanEKO, is developing maps of the legal and on-ground protection of land across Borneo, to reduce confusion and conflicts in land-use planning.
2013: Ecology and conservation of migration of Galapagos Giant Tortoises
Galapagos/UK | Dr Stephen Blake
Galapagos Conservation Trust, London, UK
The Woodspring Trust is part-funding a project to determine the drivers of Galapagos giant tortoise migration and to improve local understanding of this species’ values and conservation needs. Since the Galapagos giant tortoise is a keystone species, the project has the potential to benefit species inhabiting the several ecosystems through which it moves. The significant communications component to the project improves the chances of its benefits being properly realised and lasting long-term.
2013: Safety and sustainability in the Dambwa Forest, Zambia
Zambia | Mr Mulenga Mwamba
African Lion & Environmental Research Trust (ALERT), Livingstone, Zambia
The African Lion & Environmental Research Trust (ALERT) is introducing energy efficient cookstoves to the rural communities living around the Dambwa Forest Reserve in southern Zambia. This project has the potential to substantially benefit an ecosystem at a relatively low cost, in helping to reduce deforestation (i.e. for firewood) and acting towards the restoration of the surrounding ecosystem. ALERT’S update 2014
2011: Paying for big cats: the carbon opportunity
South East Asia/UK | Professor David W Macdonald
The Wildlife Conservation Research Unit (WildCRU), Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK
Benefits of this project are potentially at the level of multiple species and ecosystems, across several countries, including contributions to the development of carbon finance programs to benefit biodiversity.
WildCRU modelled the potential of clouded leopards as umbrella species for the conservation of other mammals across their range, and carried out camera trapping surveys at two sites in Borneo, as part of a larger study aiming to use such information to guide carbon trading mechanisms to conserve SE Asian forest biodiversity. The fate of populations of this umbrella species is likely to have an impact on the population stability of other species living around them. More details